Yogyakarta Urban Development Project Phase I (1989 - Mid 1992)
Category : Strategic integrated infrastructure planning
Periods : 1989 - mid 1992
Location : Urban Agglomeration of Yogyakarta covering the entire City of Yogyakarta and the adjacent urbanized areas of the Regencies of Sleman to the north and Bantul to the south.
Service Provider :Electrowatt Infra Ltd.
Project Value :....
Funding : Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Clients : Directorate General Cipta Karya of the Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia, Provincial and local government in DIY Province
Consortium Partners : PT. Hasfarm Dian Konsultan, Jakarta and Triple-A team
Staff Provided : 19 person (241 manmoth) expatriate and Indonesia Expratiat, 10 person (350 manmoth) counterpart staff
Rapid urbanization has brought about major problems in cities in Indonesia, including, among others, the severe lack of infrastructure facilities and services, and, as a consequence, the decline in the quality of urban living environment. Responses to these problems were mostly fragmented and ad hoc in nature. Within this setting, the Indonesian Government launched in 1985 IUIDP with its basic concepts of decentralization, bottom-up planning, and integrated and multi-sector medium-term programming of investment in urban development. YUDP I represented the entry of the Swiss Government’s technical assistance into the implementation of IUIDP.
The objectives of the Yogyakarta Urban Development Project are described in the Memorandum of Understanding of 28 November 1988 between the Government of Indonesia and Switzerland. The Project is seen as part of the Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development Program IUIDP, involving technical, financial and institutional aspects. The main objectives are:
• Acceleration of basic sustainable urban infrastructure development in a planned and coordinated manner.
• Decentralization of planning and implementation of urban infrastructure development to Local Governments.
• Increase of local revenue to assure operation and maintenance of existing facilities, and to finance new investment.
In order to achieve the main objectives, the Consultant provides Technical Assistance in the following fields : water supply, drainage, sewerage, solid waste, urban roads and transport, kampong improvement programme, market infrastructure improvement programme, environmental impact assessment.
Specific objectives :
In the Memorandum of understanding it is specified that four specific goals are to be achieved:
• Strengthening of the institutional capacities and professional skills of the Local Government responsible for infrastructure development, planning and programming. This includes improvement of methods and procedures.
• Formulation and implementation of an Institutional Development Action Plan at Municipal level.
• Strengthening of the revenue-raising capacity of local Governments, and application of such revenues to the development, operation and maintenance of urban infrastructure. A municipal Financial Action Plan shall be prepared in order to achieve this.
• Medium term investment programmes (5-7 years) and Annual Investment Programmes (one years) shall be prepared and submitted to the authorities concerned, including pre-feasibility and proposals for implementation of project within each sector.
Technical assistance was provided to local governments in the following areas :
• Preparation of Medium-Term Investment Program
• Formulation of Local Institutional Development Action Plan (LIDAP)
• Formulation of Revenue Improvement Action Plan (RIAP)
• Conduct of Real Demand Study (RDS)
• Formulation of a preliminary spatial development concept.
• Preparation of outline master plans
• Conduct of feasibility of a solid waste final disposal site.
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